Signs of worms in humans is different. The presence of worms can occur constant pain in the abdomen, bloating, nausea and vomiting. Some people have no negative symptoms, but there are skin rashes, which can not be solved. Quite often worm infestation is expressed suddenly appeared allergic reactions.
Worm infestation in humans
There are many different worms that infection enough eating unwashed vegetables or fruits. Worm infestation can cause serious diseases in the body. To date, the proven relationship between infestation and the development of cancer.
When infected with worms symptoms of diseases of liver, stomach, intestines and gall bladder. Often adults occur with rash and irritation. People can years to heal certain diseases, and after a course of anthelmintic drugs completely recovered.
How to catch worms
There are 4 ways of infection:
- Geohelminths. Infection occurs through the soil. Later the larvae penetrate into the water. That is why it is so important to wash all fruits and vegetables that grow in the ground and be in contact with him. When working with the earth is important, not only to wash your hands and clean nails from dirt. Through the land of worms number of infected animals, which subsequently transferred to the caterpillar people.
- Please contact us. Transfer worms infected person. This method is most often sent to worms, such as pinworms. Women lay about 5,000 eggs at night. The larvae can seize the linen, the hand and the objects that touched the infected person, not washing after sleeping in the hands.
- Biohelminths. Bad processed meat and fish are often infected with the larvae of the parasite.
- Worms can enter the body through insect bites.
The most common infection is direct ingestion of helminth larvae. Contaminated water, unwashed hands after working in soil, poorly processed meat – all of which can cause a worm infestation. Often a person infected by drinking contaminated water, swimming pool or when it wells.
Symptoms of worms
The manifestation of helminthiasis in humans can vary. Symptoms that occur in people with severe infection:
- Weight loss.
- Itching in the anal area.
In most cases, infection with helminths is similar to symptoms of other diseases, the treatment of which does not give performance. Depending on the localization of the parasite, and their number has to develop certain symptoms.
Failure of the digestive system
If the parasitic worms in the intestine, then a person is faced with such problems, such as:
- Diarrhea or conversely, constipation.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Pain in the intestine.
- Sudden loss or, on the contrary, weight gain.
Symptoms can be mild, and vice versa. Individual species of helminths secrete substances that cause diarrhea. Large tapeworms can block the intestines and cause constipation.
Important! Because of the constant sharing of waste, a person experiencing symptoms of poisoning – nausea, vomiting, General weakness.
The weakening of the immune system
The parasite causes a lack of vitamins and mineral elements in the body and weakens the immune system. People who previously never liked colds, you can start sick. Their body is susceptible to most viral and infectious diseases. None of the vitamins and minerals will not help to restore the immune system until the person is treated worms.
Problems with the nervous system
More parasites in the body is, the stronger the nervous system suffers. The products that they secrete a poison in the body and cause a malfunction of the nervous system. Looks like memory problems, frequent headaches, resembling migraines, fatigue and depression. It is difficult to communicate with other people, and she often conflict between. In severe cases, may develop more serious diseases of the nervous system, fever and raise the body temperature to 39 degrees.
Important! Because of the constant lack of useful elements to develop chronic fatigue syndrome, anemia and constant irritability.
Diseases of the respiratory system
The common worms of the respiratory system is damaged. Perhaps chronic diseases of the lungs, frequent bronchitis, pneumonia and asthma. A constant runny nose can also be one of the signs of infection.
Common parasite in the body of the skin condition much worse. In most cases, pimples and acne, which can't be cured. Worms can cause more serious diseases – seborrhea, dermatitis and warts.
Symptoms of helminth infection may be different:
- Cracked heels.
- Itching of the skin.
- Lamination nails.
Very often, a person begins to experience allergic skin reactions, which are not amenable to treatment. Due to the violation of absorption of useful elements and vitamins to the appearance of suffering first. Skin can prematurely begin to age and become pale in color.
The symptoms depend on worms
Symptoms of infection with certain helminths depend on the number of individuals in the body immunity of the person and the place. Some species of helminths, such as roundworm, a few days can cause a deterioration of the General health status, and filariasis is the incubation period is about a year.
This type of worms often masquerade as various diseases of the internal organs. Increased body temperature, the individual suffers from cough and is tired all right. A strong worm infestation can cause bronchitis or pneumonia.
When the worms infect the intestines, there are all the symptoms of metabolic disorders. People begin to lose weight. May develop intestinal obstruction and jaundice. There is a strong headache, the person becomes irritable and can fall into depression.
Trichocephalosis, schistosomiasises, difillobotrioz, ankilostomidoz
Disrupt metabolism and can cause development of goiter. Because of the constant lack of nutrients in the observed lack of. Perhaps the development of anemia.
The main symptoms of worm infestation more intense anal itching at night. If worming is not a lot – itching can continue for some time, and then re-appear. Severe forms of infection is itching constantly observed.
Occur with muscle pain and swelling. Can occur fever.
The tribe to be able to cause liver disease, opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis
Dangerous types of worms that interfere with liver function and may manifest all the symptoms of jaundice. Disrupted the digestive tract and greatly increases the cost.
Urine and schistosomiasis
The type of worms that affect the genitourinary system. The main symptom is the appearance of blood at the end of urination.
The habitats of worms
Most often, worms live in the intestine. They can occupy both the thick and thin intestine. Colon parasite, such as whipworm, thin – roundworm, tapeworm and hookworms. Therefore, the overall symptoms, symptoms of worms – intestinal pain, bloating and metabolic disorders.
Tissue the worms can live in organs and tissues. Depending on where they occur, symptoms of the disease. For example, helminths that reside in the liver, can cause symptoms of hepatitis or other damage to the important organs in the lungs – bronchitis or pneumonia.
The most common helminths
Currently identified more than a hundred species of worms that can live in the intestines and internal organs. The most common helminths, which are often infected people are pinworms. Also, in our country people are prone to infection of the dwarf tapeworm, Ancylostoma and intecomin. Other helminths:
- It whipworm.
To determine the presence of worms and set their types, by the analysis of feces. If this is the first study of a feces on eggs of worms was not observed, but there is a high risk of infection, the analysis is repeated several times.
Important! To obtain reliable results in determining the helminths by using the enzyme-immunoassay of blood, however it is carried out not in all medical institutions.
Recommended to test for the presence of helminthes people who:
- Is Pets or their work associated with them.
- Employees of the medical and children's institutions.
- Work with the food and service.
After the detection the eggs in stools, the doctor will prescribe medication, which are effective against certain species of helminths. Self-medicate is not necessary, because the drugs have high toxicity and adversely affect the internal organs.
Usually the treatment of worms sufficiently effective. In the case of aggravation of the disease and a large number of individuals can be treated with injections and infusions.
Important! Most of the drugs are only for adults who need extra care, due to the presence in the body of the larvae.
Prevention of worms
In order to best protect themselves from infection with parasites, you must comply with the following rules:
- After contact with animals wash your hands thoroughly.
- Use clean towels, crockery and hygiene products.
- Give up bad habits and strengthen the immune system.
- Wash vegetables and fruits before eating.
- To control the quality of processing meat and fish.
- To drink clean water.
To protect itself from helminth infection is very difficult. Each person can have worms and not know it, and transfer the worms it is possible to contact. Often, Pets get infected with worms while walking or contact with other people.
Important! It is very important to timely treatment of worms and fleas on animals, to reduce the risk of infection.
If you suspect the presence of worms, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor and be tested. It is not necessary to self-medicate and use more traditional methods for the treatment of worms. After all, every day the parasite has a negative effect on the internal organs and the immune system and can cause serious illness.