Helminths in humans - symptoms, signs, treatment

The prevalence of various helminth infections among certain groups of people are incredibly high: children - pinworms among hunters, trichinosis, fishermen and fish lovers.

In addition, the presence of worms in humans, symptoms do not always occur, if there is to be disguised as other diseases, liver, gastrointestinal tract, gall bladder, etc. From which the person may during the year be treated, does not know the real causes of this disease, and take 1 or more courses of anthelmintic drugs recovered. In our article we will talk about General and specific signs of hookworms in humans.

How to get worms?

worms in humans

As the worms enter the human body? There are 3 main source of helminth eggs in the body:

  • Helminthiasis - through the land (and water), which contains the Mature eggs of many helminths that penetrate into the feces, human or animal, as well as direct contact with animals and by transferring the eggs of fly food
  • The contact person will be sent as well-known and common worms, such as pinworms, this is the biggest risk of getting an infection
  • Some parasites enter the body through the bite of insects

The basic mechanism of any infection is often the feces, i.e. worm eggs, people just swallowed along with the food, water, at least some helminth infections occur through the bite of an infected insect. With undercooked meat and raw fish it is clear, but how can you be infected with worms, contact-household through the soil?

  • Through the soil

After any contact with earth, sand, you should not only wash your hands and clean the nails, it is better to be shorn nails, especially children. Foods that grow in the ground - vegetables, herbs, fruits, berries, mushrooms, all associated with land requires a thorough wash under running water and hot boiling water. Pets, mainly dogs and cats, walking on the street, bring home a mass of filth and children playing with them are at greatest risk of infection, the animal can easily infect all kinds of worms. Flies are the main carriers of the worms, while the public toilets, in places, with a population of agricultural animals, fly, and then quietly sit down food, carrying eggs on their wings and legs.

  • The person

The presence of pinworm infection, others is easy. When the female pinworm crawls out at night from the intestine, he lays about 5000 eggs near the anus, which cause intense itching, kids hairstyles itchy place, thrown on the hand, nails, panties, linen. Not washing your hands at once, on all subjects which it touches are still hundreds of eggs, door knobs, clothes, food, toys. The process of infection is clear, in the hands of another child or adult, who enjoys these items are deposited in the eggs, and not washing hands before eating, they fall into the mouth of a healthy person.

  • Through the water

A huge number of eggs of worms can get to the open water to well water. Therefore, for those who live in rural areas or in the country, should be to use antibacterial filter and make sure to boil the water, it is also dangerous to swallow the water you swim in open water.

Everyone knows that worms is mainly a children's problem. First, because they are the most vulnerable to helminth infections, such as protective railings on the child's body is not formed sufficiently, the acidity of the stomach is smaller than adults. Secondly, children of preschool age, to explore the world, try out all the surrounding objects, not just hands, but also the taste. And parents, with good intentions, can teach your child to adhere strictly to the rules of personal hygiene without reminders, only 3 to 6 years, which increases the risk of infection is not only the child but all family members.

It should be remembered that no worms may be fruitful and multiply in the human body, each species has its own period of time, after which they die, for example, has pinworms, it is only a few weeks, roundworm about a year. Delayed egg to adult is removed from the body, either the feces or the skin near the anus, the environment, the soil, and only then, a Mature human body on the outside and get it again, they begin to work actively and to parasitize.

Because of the increase in humans, the worms can increase the number of adults in the intestine of an infected person, is only possible when the re-infestation when the eggs fall to the back of the mouth through the body. That is, if we exclude re-infection, which is possible only under compliance with strict rules of hygiene and some of the preventive measures, in the case of the presence of pinworms, for example, a person could get rid of the worms after 3-4 weeks without any treatment. But not so easy to follow these rules for toddlers and children of primary school age.

What are the common signs of worms in humans?

symptoms of worms

One of the most significant symptoms, symptoms of worms in humans is a severe weight loss, pale skin (anemia), haggard look, as well as itching of the anus. But this is only the most obvious and popular brands, known to all, which occurs when a massive infection. However, there are many other symptoms that a person experiences a manifestation of other diseases and going to the doctor, often unsuccessfully treat them, not knowing an indirect cause of their occurrence or aggravation.

  • Malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract

If the worms are localized in the intestine and not in the tissues and organs of the body, the main signs of the presence of worms in humans are disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, such as persistent diarrhea, chronic constipation, nausea or repeated vomiting, abdominal pain, especially near the navel pain in the right hypochondrium, flatulence (bloating). These symptoms of the presence of worms in humans can be mild and be more intense and longer, it depends on the massiveness of infection. Some species of worms in the process of growth secrete hormone-like substances that cause diarrhea, and the massive growth of large worms can partially block the intestines, causing constipation.

  • Disorders of the nervous system and General malaise

Of course, their life worms produce a lot of toxic substances, and the stronger the infection, the more symptoms of intoxication, negative effects on the nervous system in children and adults.

This manifests itself in headaches, vertigo combined with nausea - in these cases, the person can take it as a migraine and treat it with painkillers. You can also experience pain in the joints, increase in body temperature to subfebrile figures, or even fever.

Also the lack of vitamins and nutrients that a person is lost, because the bots, along with depression of the nervous system leads to the development of chronic fatigue syndrome, constant fatigue and weakness, anemia, the child may become more Moody, irritable, they have disturbed sleep, can be sleeping, screaming at night, nightmares,-absent-mindedness and inattention children can stay after school.

  • Allergic reactions and skin symptoms

Worms in humans deteriorates the health of the skin. Product life cycle of the worms to kill the organism and become the reason that similar proteins are perceived as allergens and this will cause the skin reactions. The rash is the result of histamine release from mast cells and the accumulation of the liquid part of blood tissue. The same reason can occur and a variety of allergic reactions, such as local - hives, itching skin, and General allergic rhinitis, dry cough, asthma. Worms infected person, the symptoms can be lamination nails, brittle hair and nails, cracked heels.

  • Reduced immunity, and as a consequence the development of infectious diseases

Such toxic effects, as well as the deprivation of the individual components of the nutrients, vitamins and minerals, leading to a significant reduction in the host's immune system. It can occur with or exacerbate existing chronic diseases, or the beginning of a variety of inflammatory processes in the nose and throat - sinusitis,sinusitis, stomatitis (stomatitis in children, stomatitis in adults), although girls and women can develop a variety of infections genital yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis (discharge smell of fish), although inflammation of the uterus in girls, is considered a possible cause of prolonged helminth infection.

There is a perception that snoring and gnashing of teeth at night are also symptoms of worms in humans, however, this is only a suggestion.

Where the body can be inhabited by worms?

Depending on where in the body is localized in the worms they are divided into:

  • Translucent

Stomach worms is mainly thin and thick gut of the person, there is almost 100 different species of worms that live in different parts of the intestine. Species such as roundworm, tapeworm, localized in the small intestine, pinworm, dwarf tapeworm the lower third of the small intestine, whipworm lives in the large intestine.

  • Fabric

Tissue helminths - live in the intestine and in the tissues and organs of the human body muscles, lungs and brain (cysticercosis), liver (hydatid cyst), and even the lymphatic vessels (filariasis), etc. The shuttle belonging to the tissue, such as the primary stage of development they can of the blood, while the larvae can affect any organ.

Symptoms of intestinal worms depending on the species of helminth

treatment of worms

Symptoms of helminthiasis are directly dependent on the species of parasite, localization within the body and intensity of infection. How fast is signs of worms after infection? For example, 2-3 days after infection, a person may experience a deterioration of the general health status, in most cases, other kinds of worm infections - the first symptoms of worms in humans occur after 2-3 weeks, and such diseases are the incubation period is 6 - 18 months.

The risk of infection with intestinal worms is the fact that the presence of individual persons in the gut, helminth infections are often asymptomatic. Any symptoms can occur just the huge size of the worm, for example, a tapeworm or Ascaris, or in the event that large-scale contamination.

The test for determining the possible worm infestation

To check the possible infestation, you can count the number of positive answers to the signs of the appearance of worms in the human body:

  • Repeated or constant itching in the anus
  • There is a rash on the skin
  • Often headache, dizziness
  • There is nausea, vomiting
  • Often bloating, flatulence, constipation, diarrhea
  • Restless sleep, insomnia, screaming in my sleep
  • Swollen feet
  • Allergic reactions - hives, asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic cough
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • There are abdominal pain, independently stoped
  • There is a bitter taste in the mouth
  • Fatigue, constant fatigue
  • The work of the child care or in children of preschool age
  • Sometimes unmotivated fever
  • Yellow skin and mucous membranes
  • Work related to animals or Pets
  • There are muscle and joint pain without the load
  • Do you snore or grind your teeth at night
  • Like to eat the flesh and blood, dried fish, fat-striped meat, sushi
  • Decreased weight against reduce or respectively increase appetite

7 positive responses - the risk of worm infestation is there, with 15 or more positive answers is a very high probability of helminthiasis and should consult the doctor to take three times feces on eggs of worms, a common blood test, a blood test giardiasis, scraping(three times).