Subcutaneous parasites in humans

Medicine is the hundreds of parasites under the skin. The lion's share of patients are not aware of them, before come across the personal diagnosis. How not to get sick or find out the alarming symptoms of helminthiasis timely?

parasites under the skin

Type subcutaneous worms

People is a master of more than one dozen pathogenic organisms. Not all such neighborhood is harmless. Worst of all, the infection under the skin the parasite can be even now reading this article. For example, did you know that the open window – the threat of dirofilaria?

Filariasis

Sent to the bites of insects that live in hot climates: Africa, South America, Asia. Diagnosis of filariasis is not easy, it is divided into more than 10 species.

The disease is hidden, the symptoms appear after a couple of years and the great concern of the people to the cause. The first signs of a rash. In outlook eczema, pruritus, warts, hilly training, rash. There are cases, when such symptoms of the patient and the doctor struggled in vain for over a year, using the focal treatment of skin diseases. Rarely the onset of fever, General malaise, weakness and fatigue, frequent headaches. But recent signs indicate parasites in the body.

A special danger area in filariasis – eye. Long-term disease threat to the development of cataracts and permanent vision loss.

It is known that one-third of patients with filariasis, have been acquired injuries. According to Who, about 40 million people. The reason is the toxins, that cause a malfunction of the body.

How to prevent infection

Vaccination protects tourist surprise in the tropics. It does not always require a visa control, therefore, to start the vaccinations on their own.

Localization

The skin of the whole body, since eggs.

Drakonin to

A good game

Guinea worm or Dracunculiasis agent into the body of raw water. They move on the host's body for life. The reproduction of the species occurs under the skin: swelling with a diameter of 7 cm, and then a blister is a cluster of the eggs of the adult worm Guinea-worm. The water that falls on it, provoking a burst of bubbles and larvae. Their number is about 10 million Larvae can be seen only under a microscope – their length of 0.5 mm.

Localization

Worms are increasing the legs under the skin, most often below the knee. Infest the internal organs.

How to prevent infection

Guinea worm vermis find a tropical climate. Vectors – dogs and cats, but the most common route of infection – raw drinking water. Do not drink water of unknown origin, and refrain from swimming in natural bodies of water.

Schistosomiasis

Freshwater helminth South. In the waters of Asia or Africa, it can be moved only when dip.

The worm secretes a toxic remnants of life, as renal and hepatic insufficiency Schistosomiasis – a common symptom. See, the skin redness and rash, there is itching. Specific symptoms – profuse night sweats, with increase in temperature. Signs observed during the period of active growth and development parasitica individuals.

Localization

shistosomes

The worm lives in the urogenital system. Stage of reproduction occurs in human skin.

How to prevent infection

Swimming in fresh water sources – rivers, lakes – it is better to abstain.

Cysticercosis

Pork tapeworm is an extremely hardy species of worms. Resides not only in Asia but also in Russia. Enough contact with the body part parasitic worm that he had developed a full-fledged individual and multiplied. The ability to regenerate hampers the healing of the patient, when the need for surgical removal of the tapeworm from the skin. Undetected segments of the tapeworm and parasite is on the increase again.

Signs of the nematodes in the body: hives, itchy skin, weakness, pain in the affected organ.

Localization

The Worm will settle everywhere – in muscles, skin, internal organs, eyes, and even the brain. Like many parasites multiply in the skin, forming a bulge or height. In the turgidities of adding to that discomfort. Mostly pork tapeworm is repeated on the shoulders, chest, often in the arms and hands.

How not to get infected

Long-term heat treatment of food, especially meat. Avoid steaks with blood, raw meat and fish products. Drink purified water. Avoid contact with fresh water of unknown waters. Intermediate hosts of tapeworms – Pets. Rabbits, pigs, cats and dogs, camels carry the larvae of tapeworm. Practice good hygiene after contact with animals.

Dirofilaria

The insect transmits the parasites through bites. The temporary hosts of the worms are dogs and cats. Mosquitoes, which bite the animal and people passing through the eggs, the larvae of the worm. The female worm reaches 15-30 cm, male – 5-10 cm Species live of the eyeball, their presence can be seen without a magnifying glass devices. Also the filamentous shape of the virus is so strong that a visible image. See the shine in the eye, without magnifying devices

If time does not go to the doctor, the patient loses vision completely, and the eyeball is removed. About 1 in 6 cases, remove the Apple falls a diagnosis of "Dirofilaria".

dirofilaria

This type of worm lives on average 10 years. He is able to move under the skin at a rate of 10 cm per day, until a suitable place for reproduction or growth.

Localization

Reproduction is under the skin, which reside adults. Worms frequently strike the eyeballs.

How not to get infected

In hot weather, use repellents and insecticides – sprays, creams, fumigators, creams and aerosols. Especially if the house resident animals.

The diagnosis of subcutaneous worms

Detection of parasite in the body is very difficult – so say the doctors, which is based on a simple fact: the patient's symptoms, the anointed one, the common and inherent in dozens of diseases simultaneously. In most cases, the patient-a parasite complains of weakness, rapid fatigue, itchy skin, eczema or erosion.

Accurate diagnosis of parasitic disease pass several different tests and visit the doctors of narrow specialization: parasitologist', pediatric infectious disease specialist, ophthalmologist, allergist, dermatologist, neurologist.

Analysis pass:

  • blood from a finger and veins;
  • cal;
  • scraping the skin.

It also includes inspection of the skin, mucous membranes, eyes patient. Examination of the internal organs and the parasite's name to:

  • x-ray examination;
  • ophthalmoscopy;
  • the study of punctates nodes of the skin;
  • test Masotti;
  • MRI;
  • Ultrasound.

How to raise the under the skin parasites

There are 2 methods of treatment – medical and surgical. Either combine, or use one of the methods. The choice of treatment depends on the risk factors and characteristics of parasitism:

  • the number of persons in the body;
  • the ability of the worm to reform;
  • print speed;
  • allergic reactions;
  • the place of localization;
  • neglect of the disease
  • complications.

The purpose of medical treatment

Drugs are designed to:

  • to destroy larvae, or adult worms, preventing their reproduction de-worming medicines;
  • to remove inflammation, remove infection – antibiotics;
  • you can speed up the removal of toxins, eliminate allergic reactions – glucocorticoid, anti-histamine;
  • to accelerate the healing of damaged areas of the body – regenerates.
treatment

Surgery

The most important thing, when it is known that the organism is one individual worm. 98% of the cases the body gets one of the larvae of the parasite, which alone can reproduce. Get rid of the parasites surgically way to reduce toxicity. Still a worm, the decomposition of the skin under a dangerous load on the metabolism and the excretory system.

Election cases (Drakonin) a comprehensive search is the only way to secure the removal of the worm. Internal fluid helminth toxic, their release can cause anaphylactic shock in humans. The action of turning cases, complications and cases, the particular arrangement of the worm.

Prevention

Give 100% protection to their health, no one can, but the amount of rules make life a lot safer:

  • personal hygiene – washing hands with soap and water, treatment manicure (helminth eggs hidden nails);
  • regular testing, including after trips to the warmer climate;
  • food hygiene – clean drinking water and the quality of heat treatment of food;
  • vaccination and vaccination;
  • the fight against insects;
  • wearing closed clothes in ponds, thickets;
  • veterinary control and pet animals (especially cats and dogs);
  • refusal to swim in unfamiliar places.