Helminths or worms is a collective name of parasitic multicellular organisms that live in the human body. Most of the worms are in the intestine, eating food from the outside, but some can be found in other internal organs.
Only natural there are several hundred species of parasitic worms that are dangerous to humans. Of which about 70 can be found in Russia.
Parasites enter the body in different ways. This parameter can be divided into three main categories:
- life environment, land, water-bodies
- entering the human body through intermediaries – Pet
- upon entering the human body through contact with other people
Thus, the opportunity to pick up parasites a person very much. For example, they can get into the body of our Pets – cats and dogs, through unwashed hands, undercooked meat, etc.
There are two major groups of parasitic worms – round and flat. Tour includes species such as pinworm and roundworm. Flat, in turn, is divided into tapeworms. As a rule, contamination flat worms the most dangerous and difficult to cure.
The defeat of the worms is a nasty disease. It leads to intoxication and dehydration weaken its defenses. Therefore requires careful treatment.
Drugs, varieties and the principle
Use preparations, worms were used in herbal medicines. For example, long been known that plants, such as bracken, tansy, useful for the treatment of parasites in the human body. Can also help, and eating foods such as pumpkin seeds and garlic.
But in severe cases, these funds worms and parasites are most likely powerless. In addition, usually they are only parasitic in the gut, while some may live other internal organs, including the liver, biliary tract and blood vessels.
Fortunately, modern pharmaceutical industry has developed many effective synthetic means. So now the question, how to get rid of worms pills is mainly due to the choice of medicine.
There are medications for worms, which is designed specifically for the treatment caused by round worms. Typically, these drugs are most safe and have minimum side effects. In addition, there are drugs for excretion from the body of tapeworms. But many of the anthelmintic drugs are not of one particular type of parasite, but multiple groups. Such drugs called drug broad spectrum.
Compared with herbal drugs, synthetic drugs are more quickly and efficiently. In addition, the principle of operation of most modern medicines worms is not to kill the parasites, paralyzing them. This is achieved thanks to the special substances, drugs that inhibit the action of the neuro-muscular system of worms. So they are not killed in the intestine, poisoning organism products of its decomposition, the walls of the intestine and is excreted together with the feces.
Note, however, that the drug for worms only work in relation to adult parasites. Against the larvae, they are ineffective. So when the first course of treatment is recommended to carry out a second course a few weeks later to destroy the remaining.
Drug worms broad-spectrum is justified, because it is often difficult to determine the species of parasite. In addition, in many cases the body is infected by various.
Also, in some cases, it is recommended to take a pill for worms prevention. For example, if you have to travel to exotic countries, or a family member or pet is suffering from. However, it hardly makes sense to take the pill just in case, because most of them are fairly toxic and not recommended for long-term use.
Pills worms should take, it is best to consult a doctor for advice. When choosing a drug, the doctor should take into account contraindications, the patient's age and side effects. Not all tablets worms can be used to treat children and during pregnancy.
The main pharmaceutical form of means – tablet. Also, there are dosage forms like suspension and suppositories. The suspension is better suited for children who find it difficult to swallow or chew a big pill. Suppository is a minimum of side effects, but their effectiveness is limited. In addition, they are powerless against the parasite that live outside the intestine.
These pills have worms in its composition the active ingredient. appointed to various diseases.
The drug is taken once a day. The tablet should be chewed and taken with water. If it is sufficient for a single dose, other the course lasts for 2-3 days. In some diseases of the recommended to repeat the course after 3 weeks.
regarding tablet worms, so they can be used for small children (up to 6 months). For them it is best to use suspension, no tablets.
The dosage for different patient groups:
- 6 months-2 years – 125 mg
- 2-6 years – 250 mg
- 6-12 years – 500 mg
- patients over 12 years weighing 75 kg – 750 mg
- patients who weigh more than 75 kg – 1000 mg
Worming tablets are approved, regardless of the meal. Is not recommended during pregnancy, but in exceptional cases can be applied. Full analog of drug.
efficient tablets worms, having in its composition the active substance. Dose of 150 mg and 50 mg. Signs – some other worm infestation.
tool one application. As a rule, care enough to take one tablet of 150 mg. The children targeted by the pill 50 mg or dosage may be calculated on the basis of the child's body weight – 2.5 mg / kg of body weight. However, these tablets worms are not suitable for children under 3 years. They are also contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women. An absolute contraindication is agranulocytosis, therefore, before the drug must pass the blood test.
Possible side effects include allergic reactions, negative symptoms in the gastrointestinal tract, headaches, insomnia.
In severe cases, the treatment duration can be determined by the doctor individually. When the first course of treatment may be a prophylactic course after two weeks.
Preparations on the basis of
It albendazole or mebendazole tablets for worms, which have a similar effect. Substances included in their composition, prevents the absorption of food parasites, and they died. Used against nematodes and tissue parasites. The medicine comes in the dosage of 400 mg. Children are assigned a dose based on their weight – 6 mg / kg of body weight. Contraindications pregnancy and lactation, age under 2 years, retinal disease.
Like many other anthelmintic drugs, pills worms it is necessary to chew in the mouth. The course of treatment depends on the severity of the disease, severe cases can last a month.
When the medicine is taken three times a day 400 mg, 4 and 10 days, increasing the dose to 500 mg. When mixed 1 tablet 2 times a day for 3 days.
At one time a day. Dose for children 2 to 5 years — 25 mg, children 6-10 years — 50 mg, more than 10-year-old children and adults is 100 mg. After 2 weeks of the course must be repeated.
These tablets worms, it is recommended to take after meals. Contraindications and ulcerative colitis, liver failure, Crohn's disease.
Praziquantel – tablets broad spectrum for adults and children over 4 years. Apply to the detection of lung and liver flukes mixed in. Active against parasites.
The dosage depends on the disease. With the defeat of the veins of the stomach and intestines – 40 mg/kg of body weight. Drug one. With the defeat of the other veins 30 mg/kg twice a day. Heavy to deal with, the daily dose is 60-75 mg/kg. The reception three times, 6 hour break.
Fluke treated with a daily dose of 25 mg/kg, three times. Treatment requires a 75 mg/kg / day divided into 3 doses of 10-25 mg, give.
Duration of the course of treatment does not usually exceed 1 day. treated 2 days (25 mg per day, in three divided doses) for up to 4 days (50 mg three doses).
Tablet worms is quite toxic, so look for possible side effects. However, they are rare, except in cases where the patient is over dosage. It is contraindicated in hepatic impairment and the first trimester of pregnancy.
Rules for taking the drug
Because of the large number of contraindications and high toxicity for some pills to all kinds of worms in the person before their admission should consult a doctor. This is especially true in those cases where the disease has affected pregnant women and small children, because it was sometimes difficult to choose the right drug, which would have been and quite effective.
Certain medications must be accompanied by the reception of sorbents, which was taken out parasites from the intestine.
Also, to improve the efficiency of funds, you need to eat right. During treatment it is recommended to leave the menu, spicy, very sweet and sour dishes.
Of course, the tablet worms, in most cases, help the patient, if the disease is not running, or the patient has no contraindications. However, it is much easier to prevent disease than to drink the poisonous preparations, which contain a large part of the pills against parasites.
For this purpose it is enough to observe simple rules of hygiene – wash hands before eating, after using the toilet and work on the earth, eating unwashed fruits and vegetables, raw or undercooked meat or fish, no drinking water, especially from natural sources, avoid contact with unfamiliar animals, especially wild.
It is also necessary as early as possible to teach hygiene to the children. Disease prevention is recommended to eat raw onions and garlic, red pepper.