To diagnose parasitosis is an observation of the attack, the one who caused it, what stage of the disease, intensity of infection, the status of psidium in the body. None of the currently available diagnostic methods are not able to show the whole picture of the attack. This requires a comprehensive survey, including various methods of examination.
Diagnosis of parasites in the human body
The methods used are the traditional techniques used for a long time, and modern high-tech methods.
Traditional methods of diagnosis include.
- Duodenum identification; sampling duodenal contents.
- Microscopic examination of the feces.
- The analysis of urine.
It is installed in, for example, schistosomiasis (a disease caused; blood parasites). Research sputum of the patient. Used for diagnosing paragonimiasis caused by the lung parasite.
When Duodenal sounding in check the larvae and eggs of helminths biological material taken from the duodenum, bile ducts, gall bladder, pancreas.
Not so long ago, this exam was almost the only study on the presence of worms. It turned out, the larvae, eggs, adults or fragments of helminths localized in the intestine. - If this were found, the analysis was positive, i.e. confirmed the presence of worms.
In some helminthiasis this proven method is still the basic test worm incursion. However, the diagnosis parasitic worms its help you can not always definitively confirm or refute the presence of infection. Eggs, larvae and fragments of worms even in the presence of invasion can be detected in the stool not always. As for objective reasons and subjective. Because of the subjective reasons for the negative diagnosis of the real presence in the attack can be called a banal carelessness of the technician. Objective factors include the interim stages of the parasite's life cycle, during which they do not breed. For example, has not yet reached puberty or are in the completion stage of its life cycle. This is also when there was an infection of worms of only one sex; males or females. Naturally, in this case, the copying impossible. You can use the stool to get a result close to real, you should take the sample several times, taking into account the life cycle of helminth'. And in this case, success is guaranteed not always.
Today the diagnostic, using both traditional and modern developed relatively recently.
Feature of almost all of the survey is that none of them can give a completely accurate result all the parameters of the infestation. The court considers, holistic approach, which is not one, but several diagnostic studies. Comparison of data obtained in different ways, you can set all the parameters of invasiveness, which are necessary to cope with the disease quickly and without complications. Modern studies based on the use of high-tech diagnostic equipment, and specific laboratory studies.
These requirements consist of.
- General and biochemical blood test.
- Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
- Hemo intua focus.
Biochemical and General blood tests
The results of the analysis can give indirect evidence of infection. Elevated ESR and eosinophils, low hemoglobin can be caused parasitica morbis, although not necessarily. If the biochemical analysis of blood elevated amylase, bilirubin, transaminases, it can also indicate an infection. But once again, not absolute certainty.
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
The method is based on specific reactions of the complex; antigen-antibody". Antigen; it is a foreign substance, for example a product metabolism in helminths. Antibody (immunoglobulin); a protein of the immune system, whose task is to react to antigens later in the recognition and destruction of foreign agents. Technology ELISA as follows. Samples of blood serum of the patient is placed in wells of plastic plates. They are added to the antigens of the parasite. If the serum has antibodies against this worm (no pollution), the formation of molecular complexes; antigen-antibody. The use of detection dyes, together with those of the enzymatic reaction. The density of staining determined the intensity of infection. Accuracy of ELISA for up to 90%. It is very important that the IFA allows you to set not only a kind of helminth, but also, at what stage of invasion is to track the dynamics of its development.
Hemo intua focus is
The main difference vivamus sanguinem analysis, routine blood test the speed of getting results. As well as the ability to assess not only quantitative but also qualitative indicators.
Blood is taken fingers, instantly seen the particular microscope with a magnification of about 2000 times. In this case, it does not add to the e material, such as a conventional analysis. So research is the life blood. Hemo intua, which allows to determine the composition and deviation from the norm set of its indices. Under a powerful microscope, it is very visible in the larvae of the parasite, which are indisputable evidence of the presence of helminthiasis'.
Diagnostics using magnetic resonance tomography is based on acquiring accumsan accumsan per (tomographic) images of tissues and organs using magnetic resonance imaging. MRI of the abdomen allows you to see clusters of parasites and the resulting lesions.
Serology (lat. serum serum) Department of science dealing with the study of blood serum. Based on serological tests is the reaction between antibodies and antigens.
The above-described method of enzyme immunoassay is one of the subspecies of serological studies. Using serologies can be set in the larvae stage of the following parasitosis:
- Amoeba disease.
- Pneumonia, etc.
Developed many techniques for the serological diagnosis, which makes it possible to determine the different types and stages of invasions. Ranging from parasitic infections caused by worms length is 10 meters or more, parasitosis, which are excited by even the smallest intracellular forms of pathogens.
RAC (reaction of complement binding). Courtesy of the proteins of the immune system, whose task is to prepare the pathogens take their macrophages, that is destruction.
IHR (reaction of indirect haemagglutination). Based on precipitation (agglutination) of red blood cells with captured antigens. Depending on the precipitate is evaluated for the presence and degree of contamination.
AHR. Agglutination (precipitation) and lysis (dissolution of cells) Leptospira (genus of bacteria). Especially used for the detection of typhus.
PCR. The abbreviation for such as the polymerase chain reaction. PCR is the examination of samples, to determine DNA-worms. Allows to diagnose not only to of helminthiasis, diseases caused by protozoa micro-organisms up to their intracellular forms. The accuracy of PCR to achieve 90%.
Accurate examination requires a comprehensive approach, which apply different methods of diagnosis, complementary information. In particular, serological laboratory tests complemented by radiographic, ultrasonic, tomographic, and other methods of hardware diagnostics.
Other methods of diagnosis
Sometimes you may need studies, which are not included in the main. These other methods – histological coprogram, and electro-resonance diagnosis. Histological coprogram. Research powerful microscope of the finest slices of feces to detect parasites of the elements. Electro-diagnosis. The research method is based on determination of electrical conductivity of human skin in biologically active points. His deviation from the norm is to assess the presence of disease.
On the basis of bio-resonance diagnostics is based on the assumption that living tissues and organs produce specific biofield. They can log in and interact with (resonate with) electromagnetic or other fields that have been created for diagnostic and therapeutic devices. Because of this interaction can be set to any pathology, as signs of worms in the human body. Diagnosis and treatment based on bio-resona is related to alternative medicine, and they are not officially supported directions.
Treatment of parasitoses
According to the results of the diagnostic tests, the doctor will make a treatment plan. It is aimed not only destroys the worms, but also to cleanse the body of toxins. Than those who is highlighted in the body of the patient, when the life of the worms and come from the decomposition of their bodies. in addition, it should be suppleverunt lack of vitamins and minerals that happen during an attack, restore the immune system. Part of the comprehensive treatment includes a variety of management measures.
Parasite treatment (deworming). It consists of a synthetic anthelmintic drugs such as albendazole, levamisole, medamine, thiabendazole and others. Dosage and treatment the doctor prescribes, based on the diagnostic data and the individual characteristics of the patient.
Surgical treatment. Some types and stages of helminth infections, including hydatid disease of the brain or a complex form of ascariasis in the formation of abscesses in the liver require surgical intervention.
Stick to a certain diet. Provides for the use of the products, which weaken and delay the development of the parasite. And avoid meals that create an environment, which is favorable for the life of worms.
Compliance with the rules of hygiene. Maintaining personal frequency, the use of only the individual subjects, by limiting contact with infected people and animals.
Strengthen the body and restore the immune system. It is accompanied by vitamins, minerals, probiotics, enterosorbents and other means to eliminate the consequences of the attack.
At all stages of treatment it is useful to use traditional medicines in the form of infusions, powders, or mixtures of medicinal plants. Take pumpkin seeds, wormwood, tansy, chanterelle mushrooms and other herbs and Fung medicinae.
Without proper diagnosis, effective treatment is possible. The drug has a large number of diagnostic tools parasitosis. The main exam stools, that can help to identify the adults or fragments of worm eggs and larvae. Serological studies of blood serum, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, x-ray, ultrasound, MRI, etc. What research methods to use in each case is determined by the physician based on the clinical picture.