Sometimes major human problems are caused by seemingly insignificant causes, such as the appearance of microorganisms and subcutaneous parasites. None of them are safe, so you should at least have a general idea about it.
The main types of parasites
Among all the parasites that target human skin, there are those that are skin and subcutaneous. The first does not pose a serious threat to humans because they do not cause disease. Parasites feed on human skin in the blood. The second group leaves eggs and larvae there, making their way to the thickness of the skin. Such parasites in the body should be in the spotlight.
If the parasites are located under the skin, they never stay together, but begin to pass through the tissues in different directions. It causes the most severe, sometimes incurable diseases.
Parasites are very small and invisible. Doctors find patients by listening to their complaints, analyzing their symptoms, and identifying ways to become infected with helminths.
The most common:
- itchy ticks;
- hookworm infections;
Each of the following parasites can cause:
Features and manifestations of parasitic invasion
The most common parasites in humans are itchy mites that generally live in the deeper layers of the epidermis. They look for food during the day, eat sebum and cosmetics. At night, they return to their shelters and cause severe itching. The skin develops rashes and numerous blisters. Humans are often infected by animals, but it is possible to be infected by a sick person.
Drakunkuliaz refers to subcutaneous worms and parasites. Some individuals reach a length of 120 cm. Worms are most common in the tropics. They are easy to infect, it is enough to swim in a dirty reservoir. After penetrating the body, the worm stays there for years.
These subcutaneous worms call and target a person's foot:
- inflammation of the joints;
- blood poisoning.
Demodectic mange is a parasitic tick that selects sebaceous glands in the skin for habitat. Symptoms of the disease in humans are observed in the form of excessive acne on the cheeks, forehead and around the eyes, and loss of eyelashes is often noted.
Another representative of subcutaneous worms in humans is cysticercosis. The causative agent of the disease is the larvae of pig tapeworms. The body is infected with unboiled water or food. The worms are localized:
- areas of internal organs;
- to the brain;
- muscles and under the skin (palms, chest, shoulders).
Worms live in the body for many years, manifesting themselves in the form of urticaria-like symptoms. Swelling and thickening under the skin, which intensifies over time.
Inhabitants of African and Asian watersheds - worms that cause schistosomiasis. Worms affect the skin and genitourinary system. The main symptoms are expressed:
- profuse sweating;
- kidney damage;
- enlargement of the liver.
Another resident is subcutaneous worm filariasis. It is considered the most dangerous species among parasitic helminths, because the worm can multiply in the human body for many years without initially showing itself. However, over time, the infected person begins to experience hives-like symptoms, then vision problems develop, blisters form under the skin, and all end in fever.
Get vaccinated against helminth infections before traveling to hot countries.
Successful treatment of worms caused by worms is possible with a correct diagnosis. The difficulty is that the symptoms of parasites often resemble other pathologies of the internal organs and allergy symptoms.
To determine the correct therapeutic course that is guaranteed to remove subcutaneous helminths from the body, it is necessary to identify the specific type of pest. For this purpose, various laboratory tests are performed:
- Direct diagnosis of parasites using stains and fragments from mucous membranes. Such procedures are justified in cases where the worms are clearly visible in different areas of the skin and are accompanied by specific symptoms - redness and blisters; A blood test that detects antibodies formed during the fight against the parasite's immune system. As a result of the vital activity of subcutaneous worms, substances are released into the body that can neutralize the protective properties of antigens. This causes a person to become completely weak due to a disease detected in a blood test.
Examinations are performed to accurately identify the parasite:
- Acne and blisters on the patient's skin.
For the timely diagnosis of the disease, a person who sees atypical itching and skin lesions should consult a specialist, not one, but several people: allergist, dermatologist, infectious disease specialist and neurologist.
There are different methods of treating the consequences of the vital activity of parasites and are related to the number, level, symptoms and localization of skin lesions. Almost every case must be considered separately. Regardless of the symptoms, there are a number of traditional treatments for parasites.
Removal of ticks under human skin is carried out using various drugs that can destroy subcutaneous worms and other pests. In many cases, doctors prescribe drugs for ascariasis.
The course of therapy should include antihistamines and antibiotic ointments or gels. To combat parasites, it is recommended to add vasoconstrictor drugs such as adrenaline-resorcinol solution. Only the right treatment regimen and dose selection will allow the successful removal of pathogenic pests from the human body.
When a parasite infects a person's internal organs (such as drinking), doctors resort to surgery. Before performing the procedure, it is necessary to schedule a thorough examination, which will allow the worm to settle in the body. Sometimes worms can even be found in the brain.
With the help of conservative techniques and surgery, it is possible to get rid of parasites that live under the skin. Therapy sometimes lasts a very long time, especially with latent symptoms, so it is useful to add traditional medicine in addition to traditional drug treatment.
Measures to prevent the emergence of parasites
The fight against subcutaneous parasites sometimes takes years, and inactivity is fraught with the most unexpected consequences. Traditional centers for the spread of parasites include water, food, a sick person, and poor hygiene.
Medical advice for the prevention of such diseases includes the following rules:
- Always wash your hands with soap and water before eating. The same should be done after being in public places, such as transportation;
- You can't use someone else's clothes - neither to wear, nor to wear;
- food should be washed before use;
- Treat affected skin areas immediately with antiseptic and disinfectant.