Helminthiasis is a disease in which parasites develop in the human body. With a person's wrong lifestyle, helminths develop in the genitourinary system. Various diseases can occur against the background of the development of parasites.
The onset of pathology in the urinary tract is diagnosed against the background of exposure to echinococcus, filariasis, schistosomes. In most cases, parasitic infections are transmitted by fecal-oral route.
Helminths also enter the body through water or food. Most often, the disease occurs in people who eat unwashed vegetables and fruits.
Types of parasites in the human genitourinary system
Most parasites damage the digestive system. However, there are certain types of helminthic invasions that penetrate the human genitourinary system and begin to parasitize there.
Enterobiasis belongs to the category of parasitic diseases that develop in the gastrointestinal tract. When the disease is not treated in time, the parasites penetrate other organs, including the genitourinary system.
The onset of pathology is diagnosed when pinworms are encountered. The length of the worm reaches 5 millimeters.
Parasites disrupt the integrity of the walls of the urinary tract. With a long course of the disease, patients are diagnosed with the development of bleeding. Pinworms cause the development of severe kidney disease.
With a long course of the disease, cancer of the genitourinary system is observed. In most cases, urinary incontinence is a complication of the pathology.
Filariasis is a helminth that can grow up to 45 centimeters. The larvae are carried by mosquitoes, which transmit them through bites.
After that, there is an active reproduction and parasitism of helminths in the genitourinary system. The disease is characterized by several stages of development.
When the larva enters the human body, the lymph nodes swell. In addition, the pathological process is accompanied by evidence in the skin.
If the disease is not treated in time, it will cause the lymph nodes to grow to a critical size and break.
A fairly common complication of the pathology is hiluria, accompanied by urinary and lymphatic contact. After that, there is lymph accumulation in the abdominal cavity. In the final stage, the elephant is diagnosed.
Removal of worms from abroad is carried out through the genitourinary system. With this disease, the patient is diagnosed with pain. Blood impurities are visible in the urine.
A disease occurs when a schistosomiasis worm parasitizes the circulatory system. The length of the parasite can reach 20 centimeters. About 3, 000 eggs are fertilized every day. The larvae are absorbed through the walls of the urinary tract.
Leakage of parasites is caused by poor quality water. One feature of helminths is that they penetrate the body through micro wounds.
At the site of the lesion, an inflammatory process is observed, accompanied by redness and itching of the skin.
When parasites move through the genitourinary system, patients are diagnosed as a common concern. Patients also complain of abdominal pain.
In the next stage, the symptoms of the disease disappear. If 6 months have passed since the infection, a small amount of blood is diagnosed in the urine, which gradually increases.When parasitized by schist, patients may develop cystitis, tumors of the genitourinary system, inflammation of the kidneys and the formation of stones. In women, genital parasitic lesions can be diagnosed.
The disease develops with the use of unwashed vegetables and fruits. It is also seen when eating raw meat and fish. The spread of parasites in the human body is carried out through the blood.
During pathology, a person develops unpleasant symptoms. With pathology, people complain of weakness and weakness, even though they do their normal work.
Worms cause kidney pain. Patients also complain of itchy skin.
Symptoms of the disease
If the urinary tract is affected by parasites, it causes the corresponding symptoms. Severe itching occurs in the early stages of the disease.
Patients may develop rash and redness on the surface of the epithelium. Often urogenital parasites cause swelling of the lymph nodes. Infection of the bladder is not observed immediately after the entry of helminths into the human body.
The disease is often accompanied by painful and itchy rashes on the skin. In the area affected by parasites, the epidermis may turn red.
Patients complain of unpleasant feelings during sex. In the genitals, rashes occur with the penetration of parasites. Women are diagnosed with vaginal bleeding.
Blood impurities are visible in the urine of patients. The pathological process is accompanied by neurological diseases. Patients experience pain during bladder emptying.
Patients complain of headaches or migraines in the pathology. Often accompanied by various neurological diseases. Patients complain of constant fatigue and sleep instability.
Patients with pathology have decreased appetite, which leads to rapid weight loss. The disease is accompanied by diarrhea, which can be replaced by constipation. After the penetration of parasites into the body, patients experience an increase in body temperature.
Parasites in the genitourinary system of a person develop symptoms that are relevant, which requires immediate medical attention.
Treatment of a pathological condition begins with a diagnosis. Instrumental and laboratory methods are used for this purpose. Diagnosis is made 1. 5 months after the alleged infection.
Initially, immunological tests for antibodies against worms are recommended.
The choice of a method to treat the pathological process directly depends on what type of worms are stimulated. Cystostomy is treated only in an inpatient setting.
In this case, drug treatment is used. Patients are recommended to be treated with special anthelmintic drugs.
To ensure complete cure of helminthic infestation, it is recommended that the patient undergo several courses of treatment.
Pathogenic and symptomatic treatment is recommended to improve the functioning of the damaged organ.
If the patient becomes infected again, therapy is carried out with the help of antibacterial drugs belonging to the series of tetracyclines. The use of antihistamines is recommended to increase the therapeutic effect.
If a patient develops symptoms of filariasis, he should be hospitalized. The swollen limb is stabilized in an elevated position to reduce lymphostasis. At the same time, the use of compression garments is recommended.
In difficult cases, the disease is treated surgically. The use of antiparasitic drugs is recommended to eliminate the parasitic infection.
Concomitant use of antihistamines is recommended if the patient has an allergic reaction to the drug.
Parasites in the genitourinary system are extremely rare. But they are very dangerous. Therefore, when the first signs of helminthic invasion appear, the patient should undergo appropriate examinations.
Only after determining the type of pathogen, the patient will be prescribed treatment according to individual characteristics and severity of the pathology.