General and specific signs of the presence of parasites in the human body

The symptoms of parasites in the human body depend on the type of parasite and its waste. One of the most common signs of parasites in the body is intestinal and stomach upset.

According to WHO statistics, about 95% of the world's population is infected with parasites, microorganisms that exist and feed on other organisms. Often the signs of the presence of parasites in the human body are not taken into account, because some are very well adapted and the symptoms can be confused with other diseases.

Types of parasites that often infect the human body

The human body is the most populated:

  • roundworm;
  • pinworms;
  • angur worms;
  • lamblia;
  • whipworms;
  • bull set up a ribbon;
  • wide ribbon;
  • pig tapeworm;
  • echinococcus;
  • Trichinella.

Helminths are the common name for worms that live in living organisms. Just worms. They are classified according to the following types: tapeworms (cystodes), flukes (trematodes) and roundworms (nematodes). The most common type of helminth is roundworms.

They are round and live mainly in the intestine, in different parts. Some representatives, such as Trichinella, can migrate anywhere in the body. The intestine is the main place for the life of roundworms. Representatives of tapeworms - tapeworms of cattle and pork, tapeworm, echinococcus. The size of the considered parasites can reach several meters in length. Some begin to develop outside the human body.

Intestinal parasites

For example, bovine and pork worms enter the intestines at an intermediate stage. Flukes can be located in different organs. They feed on blood cells, in addition to intestinal contents, mucus, etc. Their length reaches half a meter. These include liver and cat flukes, schistosomes, etc. Includes. According to the type of development, helminths are divided into biohelminths, geohelminths and contact parasites.

Biohelminths go through a stage of maturation and development in animal organisms. These include, for example, toxocariasis, bovine and pork worms, and so on. Geohelminths grow in the soil. And they enter a person through the skin or by swallowing. These include many species of roundworms. Contact parasites penetrate a person by making direct contact with another person. Enterobiasis is one of the diseases transmitted by contact parasites, pinworms.

How infection occurs

Parasitic larvae can be infected by unprocessed foods (fish, tigers), poorly washed raw vegetables and fruits, insect bites, sexual intercourse, domestic use, drinking raw water and swallowing water while bathing. in water bodies, pets, land.

General signs of helminths

It is very difficult to recognize the presence of pests in the body of an individual. And many symptoms can be mistaken for a chronic condition and are treated unsuccessfully. Symptoms of the disease can vary depending on the type, location and number of worms. However, there are common signs of the presence of parasites in the human body.

Allergy

As a result of metabolic processes, worms enter the bloodstream and release toxic elements that contribute to the formation of allergic manifestations. The rash may open from time to time. Such allergies are difficult to treat with dermatological agents.

Allergies can occur:

  • lacrimation, eyelid incisions and conjunctivitis
  • chronic rhinitis
  • shortness of breath, cough
  • skin rash, peeling and redness, burning
  • rosacea, eczema
  • seizures in the corners and inflammation of the oral border
  • leukocytosis is an increase in leukocytes in the blood
  • itching around the anus (pinworms) and body
  • problem skin and acne
  • asthma and dry cough (hookworm)
  • hair loss

Stomach and intestinal upset syndrome

Many parasites invade an individual's large and small intestines. They stick to the walls, irritate them and help to initiate inflammatory processes in the organs. Absorption of nutrients, especially fatty ones, is impaired.

Large amounts of fatty elements in feces can be detected by laboratory methods.

Bile stagnation

Due to their large size, some parasites can cause biliary dyskinesia by blocking the bile ducts. These symptoms can lead to other, more serious liver diseases.

Constipation

Worms can block the intestinal lumen. Symptoms of parasites in the human body often manifest themselves with symptoms such as constipation and can even lead to intestinal obstruction.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is one of the most common symptoms of helminth infections. Prostaglandins produced by parasites often cause watery stools.

Dysbacteriosis

Symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, and excessive gas production occur due to intestinal dysfunction, which can be mistaken for dysbiosis. However, in this case, treatment with antibiotics and probiotics does not give a positive result.

Reducing Immunity

Parasites feed on what people eat. They assimilate most of the digested nutrients.

Due to the immune system's constant reaction to the presence of "outsiders", the body's defenses are reduced and immunity is weakened. This often leads to colds, unexplained fevers, body aches and so on. It shows itself with.

Joint and muscle pain

Worms can affect various organs. For example, Trichinella resides in muscle tissue and can be damaged. This is the body's response to the vital activity of parasites.

Change in body weight

One of the symptoms of helminthiasis is weight loss or obesity. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness. Weight gain as a result of the body's reaction, the need to "store food for future use. "Therefore, before deciding to gain weight or lose weight, it is necessary to undergo a thorough examination for the presence of parasites in the human body.

Anemia

For example, some parasites, Trichomonas, can infect various human organs, including blood. Cell-fed helminthiasis causes anemia and iron deficiency.

Avitaminosis

There are no foods and vitamins that cause vitamin deficiency in humans. This is due to the fact that the parasites are greedy.

Nervousness, sleep disorders

Insomnia, poor short-term sleep, can be the nervous system's response to the presence of "illegal" residents. Some helminths leave the anus at night to lay their larvae. This can cause discomfort and itching, which often wakes you up and does not allow you to fully relax.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Against the background of general intoxication of the body, lack of vitamins and nutrients absorbed by parasites, a person may experience constant fatigue, decreased concentration, apathy and memory impairment.

Oncology

The presence of parasites does not have the best effect on the human body as a whole. The normal functioning of all organs is disrupted, inflammation occurs, health deteriorates and immunity is reduced. Disturbances in the normal functioning of the body as a result of parasites can lead to sad consequences.

It is important to know that all these symptoms can lead to the formation of tumors and neoplasms with prolonged action.

Inflammation of the larynx and airways

Worms can walk on the body. When they reach the respiratory tract, they cause severe coughing, sore throats and fever. Asthma or even pneumonia can develop as a result of vital activities.

Do not ignore any symptoms that indicate a malfunction of the body. At the first signs of any disease, you should immediately consult a doctor and undergo procedures to check for parasites. This will allow you to get timely treatment and prevent the destructive effects of toxins from harming your body. The presence of long-term worms in the human body can lead to the development of serious diseases, including oncological or chronic forms of existing diseases.

Specific symptoms of parasite invasion

In general, parasites in the human body have a number of specific characteristics that are specific to women and men.

For women, these are:

  • violation of the regular menstrual cycle;
  • vaginal dysbiosis, mycosis;
  • inflammation of the ovaries, kidneys, bladder;
  • uterine fibroids;
  • infinity.

For men, the disease manifests itself:

  • sexual dysfunction;
  • presence of sand or stones in the kidneys, bladder;
  • inflammation of the prostate gland;
  • mental disorders.

Differences in symptoms in children and adults

When parasitic larvae enter, they encounter a 3-level protective barrier:

  • saliva;
  • gastric juice;
  • local intestinal immunity.

Such protection will not work in a child's fragile body. Children are the most susceptible to this disease. In the spring, when babies are constantly on the street, the risk of helminth infections is very high. There are enough ways of infection for children: children's sandpit, pets, always unwashed fruits and vegetables, swimming in reservoirs. Moreover, the desire to taste everything, especially for the youngest.

The habit of sucking fingers only increases the likelihood of catching a worm. The most common types of parasites in children are: pinworms, ascaris, whipworm, toxocar. Pinworms are small white worms no larger than 1 cm in size that come out and lay their eggs near the anus. Therefore, the presence of such parasites is always accompanied by itching around the anus. Roundworms are larger and can grow up to 40 cm in length!

Children with helminthic infections have symptoms such as loss of appetite, pale skin and weight loss. Mental and physical retardation and memory impairment can also indicate the presence of parasites. With life activities, worms cause metabolic diseases, reducing immunity in a child. All this often manifests itself in viral infections, allergic reactions.

Please note that bruxism (tooth decay) is one of the symptoms of parasites in the human body and often disturbs babies during sleep. Parents should pay attention to this fact and check the child for the presence of parasites. Worms often live in the gut, so children may have problems with stool, abdominal pain, vomiting, and epigastric pain.

Diagnosis of parasites

Parasite Diagnostics

The main problem in the diagnosis of parasitic diseases is that they disguise themselves as many chronic diseases, and it is very difficult to identify the real causes of symptoms.

How to detect the presence of a parasite

When one or another organ or tissue is damaged, different features predominate.

In the intestines

The most favorable place for the vital activity of parasites: high humidity, hot temperature, pH environment - neutral. Intestinal symptoms:

  • constipation;
  • diarrhea;
  • flatulence;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • spastic pain, abdominal cramps;
  • weight loss;
  • vomiting;
  • nervous;
  • anorexia (or increased).

Weakness, fatigue, reluctance to move a person.

in the stomach

In the case of a parasitic infection, the following symptoms are noted:

  • nausea;
  • burp;
  • stupid;
  • stomach weight and tension;
  • diarrhea;
  • bleeding during bowel movements;
  • itching in the anal area due to pinworms;
  • Cough due to irritation of gastric neuroreceptors.

With intestinal acne, sputum can be separated by blood fractions.

in the liver

symptoms:

  • pain in right hypochondria;
  • burp;
  • nausea;
  • allergic urticaria;
  • yellowing of the sclera, mucous membranes of the mouth and skin;
  • hair loss;
  • weakness;
  • nervousness;
  • anemia.

Acute swelling of the legs and abdomen.

With heart damage

There are always signs of lung and heart failure.

  • cough;
  • shortness of breath;
  • nervousness, fear;
  • weakness;
  • chest pain;
  • arrhythmia, bradycardia;
  • temperature, chilling fever;
  • blood pressure drops;
  • sweating;
  • pallor of face, neck;
  • anemia.

There are signs of hypoxia: cyanosis of the skin of the fingertips, triangulation of the nasolabial and mucous membranes of the oral cavity.

In the lungs

Typical Symptoms:

  • shortness of breath;
  • shortness of breath;
  • dry cough attacks at night;
  • asthmatic bronchospasm;
  • allergic rhinitis, sneezing;
  • chest pain;
  • fast heart rate;
  • nausea.

It is possible to separate small, foamy sputum with blood cells.

Under the skin

External symptoms:

  • itchy red rash, large swollen blisters on the skin;
  • ulcers, abscesses, warts, eczema;
  • fever;
  • night sweats;
  • dense cell-like areas under the skin;
  • anemia.

Allergic cough and runny nose often develop.

in the eyes

Different symptoms:

  • Inflammation of the conjunctiva accompanied by burning and itching;
  • pain in the eyes and pain when moving the eyes to the side, upwards;
  • flying flies, muddy ropes in front of the eyes;
  • dry mucous eyes;
  • blurred vision of objects, division;
  • headache, dizziness;
  • swelling of the eyelids;
  • blue under the eyes.

Significant deterioration in visual acuity is noted.

in the blood

Blood parasites can live in red blood cells as well as plasma and white blood cells. Types of pests:

  • Mansonella is a worm that can grow up to 8 centimeters. Causes dizziness, headache and joint pain, fever, skin problems, numbness in the legs.
  • Hemosporidia are single-celled erythrocytes.
  • Trypanosomes are unicellular, causing Chagas disease and sleep disorders.
  • Plasmodium malaria.

Parasitosis is hidden like thousands of other diseases, so it is impossible to diagnose it visually without laboratory tests. The duration of treatment depends on the accuracy of the diagnosis and the detection of parasites in the early stages of infection.

Symptoms of parasitic diseases

It is often called the parasite that causes the disease.

Abdominal cavity with ascariasis

askariaz

The causative agent of the disease is an ascaris worm localized in the human intestine. The severity of the disease depends on the age of the patient, the severity and duration of parasitic fever.

The symptoms of ascariasis look like this:

  • localized allergic rash on the patient's legs, hands and body;
  • rising temperature indicators, fever;
  • general weakness and weakness;
  • night and day sweating;
  • enlargement of the liver and excruciating pain in the hypochondria;
  • anorexia and nausea;
  • abdominal pain and cramps;
  • constipation and diarrhea;
  • weight loss or gain;
  • cough, shortness of breath and chest pain occur during ascariasis migration and localization in the lungs;
  • insomnia;
  • Decreased cognitive abilities;
  • convulsions;
  • obstructive jaundice and intestinal obstruction.

Teniarinhoz

Cow worm disease is the causative agent of the disease. Teniarinchiasis manifests itself with the following symptoms:

  • nausea, heartburn and vomiting;
  • increased saliva;
  • Intestinal discomfort manifested by flatulence, constipation, diarrhea;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • obstruction of the bile ducts;
  • general weakness and weakness;
  • anemia and vitamin deficiency;
  • dizziness and headache;
  • insomnia;
  • nervousness and nervousness;
  • Cardiovascular system disorders manifested by tachycardia and hypotension.

Enterobiasis

The disease is caused by pinworms, also called worms. It is the most common parasitic disease that affects almost every second person. Symptoms of enterobiasis:

  • Itching in the anus, more often at night, is caused by female worms migrating to the rectum to lay eggs;
  • local redness of the skin around the anus until eczema occurs;
  • bruxism, sleep disorders, fatigue, nervousness and nervousness;
  • urinary excretion in children;
  • abdominal cramps and pains;
  • deterioration and loss of appetite;
  • constipation and diarrhea;
  • increased gas production and bowel discomfort;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • allergy manifests itself as atopic dermatitis, allergic conjunctivitis, asthma;
  • dizziness and headache;
  • Decreased cognitive abilities;
  • memory and attention impairment;
  • Increased nervousness and irritability.

Toxocariasis

The causative agent of the disease is a parasitic worm toxocara, which affects human organs and tissues. The disease is widespread because it lasts a long time with incomprehensible and unclear symptoms. Obvious clinical symptoms appear in the later stages of infection.

Symptoms of toxocariasis:

  • The main symptom of this disease is allergic skin rashes that spread throughout the body;
  • Quincke's edema can cause suffocation and death of the patient as a result of swelling of the skin on the face and upper neck;
  • Bronchial asthma manifests itself in the form of paroxysmal persistent dry cough with sputum elements. increase in temperature;
  • anorexia, headache;
  • enlarged lymph nodes.

Worms with toxocariasis can migrate and localize in internal organs, eyes, brain and epidermal tissues.

Hookworm

The causative agents of the disease are helminths, hookworms and non-pathogenic substances. Symptoms:

  • urticaria and dermatitis, when larvae penetrate the skin, edema occurs at the site of penetration, which causes a burning sensation and itching;
  • Bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis are observed during the migration of parasites through the human body, in which case the patient suffers from cough, shortness of breath, suffocation;
  • When the larvae reach the intestines, they develop anemia, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and loss of appetite;
  • nervousness, fatigue, insomnia.

difillobotriasis

The disease is caused by a large tapeworm. Symptoms:

  • weight loss;
  • diarrhea and constipation;
  • anorexia;
  • subfebrile temperature;
  • increased fatigue and tiredness;
  • presence of worms in the form of white tape in the stool;
  • abdominal cramps and pains;
  • anemia;
  • dizziness and headache;
  • cracks and red spots on the tongue;
  • pathological processes in the mouth and esophagus;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • depression.

Tenioz

The causative agent of the disease is a pork worm localized in the small intestine. Symptoms:

  • nausea and vomiting, fragments of parasitic larvae may be observed in vomiting;
  • diarrhea and constipation;
  • weight gain and loss of appetite;
  • abdominal cramps and pains;
  • anal itching;
  • dizziness and headache;
  • insomnia and anxiety;
  • When the larvae are located in the brain, they develop cysticercosis, which manifests itself in speech disorders, epilepsy, delirium, hallucinations, loss of consciousness;
  • The parasite can enter the eyes, heart and lungs during migration.

Echinococcosis

The causative agent of the disease is echinococcus tapeworm. The worm is dangerous because it can be found in almost any internal organ: heart, liver, brain, lungs, etc. Can form cysts. The disease is very insidious, because at first it is completely asymptomatic, and clinical manifestations are already observed in the later stages of the formation of echinococcal cysts.

Symptoms of the disease:

  • occurrence of pain at the site of cyst formation;
  • weakness, increased fatigue, drowsiness;
  • skin allergies such as urticaria and pruritus;
  • Disorders of the affected organ: if the liver is affected, appetite worsens, nausea and vomiting occur, if the lungs are affected, cough, shortness of breath, fever, epilepsy occurs if there is a brain, paresis of the arms and legs. cysts in the heart can develop serious cardiopathologies;
  • When a cyst ruptures, the parasites spread to all internal organs and systems at a very high rate, causing very serious complications and even death.

Alveococcosis

The causative agent of the disease is tapeworm alveococcus. The disease is considered slow: it can take 10 or more years from the moment of infection to the development of the disease. Symptoms of the disease:

  • dermatological manifestations: itching and urticaria;
  • Bitterness in the mouth, nausea;
  • pain and heaviness in the right hypochondrium;
  • hepatic colic;
  • there is induction in the liver;
  • weight loss;
  • weakness and weakness;
  • Severe headache and dizziness are observed when the parasite is localized in the brain.

Giardiasis

The disease develops as a result of infection of the human body with intestinal lamblia. Sometimes asymptomatic transmission occurs without obvious signs of disease. Symptoms:

  • disorders of the gastrointestinal tract: nausea, vomiting, belching, diarrhea and constipation;
  • specific pain in the umbilical region;
  • anorexia, flatulence;
  • temperature rise;
  • general fatigue, decreased performance;
  • nervousness and nervousness;
  • itching.
Abdominal pain with amebiasis

Amebiasis

This disease is caused by histological amoeba. Sometimes the symptoms of the disease may disappear completely, and sometimes, on the contrary, they manifest themselves very clearly. Symptoms come in two forms: intestinal and extraintestinal. The non-gastrointestinal form of amebiasis affects the lungs, brain, urogenital system, and skin, but the intestinal form is the most common.

Symptoms of intestinal amebiasis:

  • unbearable diarrhea, often with shock (up to 20 times), sometimes with blood;
  • abdominal pain;
  • increase in temperature;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • anorexia.

After a while, the symptoms of the disease may disappear on their own for a while, then reappear with renewed vigor.

Schistosomiasis

The causative agent is blood fluke schistosomiasis. The disease has several stages of development:

  • Early allergic reactions with rash and edema, cough with paroxysmal hemoptysis, general weakness and pain in the joints and muscles;
  • When the disease is chronic, the symptoms are limited to urinary incontinence (pain and cramps during urination, frequency of urination, night and day urination);
  • There are particularly serious cases that lead to the death of the patient.

The symptoms of parasites in the human body are very large. Without laboratory tests, it is not possible to diagnose the presence of a parasite in the body based solely on the symptoms themselves. The severity of symptoms depends primarily on a person's defense mechanisms, the location and type of parasite.

Methods of diagnosing parasites

Direct methods:fecal analysis, urinalysis, perianal itching, subungual phalanges, sputum and duodenal analysis.

Ultrasound is also used to study the presence of parasites in the body.

Indirect methods: x-ray, morphology, ultrasound, biopsy.

Bioresonance methods: Wall method, ART.