Worms - worms that develop in humans and animals and cause serious diseases. Looks like worms, need to know, any person who cares about the health of the.
According to statistics, the world has a billion people suffer from worms. Parasites are dangerous because it can make holes in the blood vessels to overload the immune system.
There are many kinds of worms, but the most harm to human health can cause the following worms:
- the whale's tail.
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to define how to look like worms. The appearance of the worms can cause disgust. The size of the worms varies from a few millimeters to several meters (in severe cases).
Worms smooth, shiny, and resemble earthworms.
Not only external parasites can cause disgust. Harm from them is very significant: they suck leukocyte cells, causing a sharp decline in immunity. Some kinds of worms and their larvae travel through the body, damage to the capillaries. They can cause pancreatitis and liver abscess.
Many people mistakenly think that it is enough to observe elementary rules of hygiene, and helminth infection not afraid. This is only partly true, because these measures can only reduce the risk of infection. Leave it completely, you need to live fully in the infertility, which is impossible to achieve.
Roundworms called nematodes. There are more than 20 species of Ascaris, among which is also parasitic and free-living. Name round worms was because of the shape, it can be seen in cross-section.
A group of roundworms are the most common parasites - pinworms, Ascaris, etc.
The shuttle has an elongated body with a pointed toe. The length of the worm can reach 40 cm, while females are usually smaller than males. Many round worms in the intestines and poison the human body products of metabolism - toxins.
Worm parasites, small and large intestines. It is small in size, not more than 1 cm Females lay eggs near the anus of the person, which causes itching. Worms often affect children, such as the child's immune system has not had sufficient time to get stronger. Pinworms can be easily seen in the feces, usually they are groups, but not a single number.
More dangerous types of helminthes - whipworm, a parasite in the cecum. It can be pink or white in color, size is usually small. The front end of the worm is very thin, but the body is gradually expanding. Worm is the mouth, esophagus, and anus.
Symptoms of flukes in the human body
Flukes in the medical literature also referred to as trematodes. Such a worm is long and flat shape of a leaf or tongue. All trematodes of up to 1.5 m. Intermediate host - the mussels, then the fish. Therefore, the risk of the occurrence of trematodes in the body especially great when eating raw fish or crabs.
Liver parasite belongs to universal parasite. They can affect the owners of the cattle and pet animals, and those who are not living beings, is not allowed (they can be sent through the water).
The parasite has a flat body, the width is 1.3 cm and a length of about 3 cm, Adults usually settle in the liver and the bile ducts, causing obstruction. The walls of the body of the worm is attached to the suction cup, where he located on his stomach and head. Eye-catching bile has no effect, because the worm is protected by a cuticle - thick two-layered crust.
Like most representatives of this class, liver parasites classified as hazardous. The daily worm egg up to a million eggs, which pass into the intestine and excreted from the body. If within 2 days the larvae do not find a carrier, they die.
Tapeworms can infect any organ of the human body, including evstafievich tubes or a special bag, sometimes attached to the suction cup to the walls of the excretory duct. Depending on the species, trematodes can be two or many cups.
These worms have well-developed reproductive, digestive and nervous system. Circulatory and respiratory systems are virtually absent. The worm feeds on the epithelium, mucus or stomach contents or blood.
Helminths-trematodes in the host organism, nothing to absorb. However, the harm to their appearance significantly.
Tape worms are divided into tapeworms and tapeworms. Intermediate hosts of helminths are fish or vertebrates, in which the larvae develop. Mature individuals live in the intestines of vertebrates.
The body of the tapeworm consists of a head and segments. Leader to serve attachment of the worm to the intestinal wall, after which the growth of the area. Food parasites of the species is digested host food. The human body is not able to digest the tapeworms because they can produce a substance which considerably reduces the effect of gastric juice.
In the diagnosis of the disease is important to determine the species of parasite. Lantecy is the head, with two suction cups. The eggs of the tapeworm outside the body, so that they can be detected. A typical tapeworm has a body divided into segments, whose length can be 18 m. head of the worm has 4 suction cups, which they fastened to the wall of the intestine. Tapeworm eggs can not be detected, because the worm does not have a uterus pin holes.
Because the length of these worms is considerably more of the human gut, the brain the virus can cause a rupture of the body. This is a serious condition that requires urgent surgical treatment.
Among the diseases caused by worms, some very heavy, such as echinococcosis. This is the only disease, where the parasites penetrate the human body with a dog. The location of the pathogen can be anything, but most commonly affected are the liver. Dogs infected with parasites, improve easy, only one vaccine. But in humans, hydatid disease is extremely difficult, and treatment.
Diagnostics of helminthiasis
Know how to look for worms in humans, it is necessary to diagnose the disease and start treatment. Helminthiasis - infestation of parasites - easily identify yourself. Worms to the naked eye to see in Calais. Although worms can be both dead and alive. Sometimes you can see worms in the bedding or clothing. Often forget to the body of pinworms, it happened when a massive loss. See how to look like worms in humans, for example. a live roundworm, harder: they come out of the body is much less. Besides, it is a very unpleasant sight. Also during the inspection the feces to see pieces of the worm.
Helminth eggs you see at home is not successful. First, not all type of worms is a pin-hole, and secondly, the eggs are very small in size. But the use of laboratory equipment see specific work is not done.
Most often, the analysis of take the feces. To ensure that the results were accurate, it is recommended that the test should be repeated daily for 3 days. This is due to the fact that the worms appear in the stool not all the time. Their reproduction is a clear periodicity, therefore, it is likely that the analysis is done at the same time, when the parasites do not reproduce. In the laboratory confirmed the presence of feces is not difficult with the help of special equipment.
Currently, to diagnose helminths and the second method - a blood test. With it, to identify antibodies to the parasite. To take the test is recommended for patients suffering from sudden allergies, dysbiosis, and increased number of eosinophils. Such patients prescribed analysis for the presence of immunoglobulin E different types of worms.
To determine the presence in the body of whipworm and other methods. If a normal feeling in humans to reduce the level of hemoglobin in the blood, is likely to reflect loss of parasites. Accuracy of enzyme immunoassay approaching 95%.
Signs of infected worms
In addition, the appearance of a fragment or a worm, there are other alarming symptoms that can warn. One of the first manifestations - apathy, fatigue, constant fatigue.
Usually, the symptoms of worm similar to the manifestations of beriberi. It is easy to explain: a person is forced to feed not only the body but also the parasites. Thus, the useful substances and energy began to miss: some of them, the worm takes. For this reason, there are other characteristics: deteriorating hair, skin, the breath becomes unpleasant.
With the loss of some worms in a person starts losing weight for no apparent reason.
Another characteristic symptom is itching in the anus, clearly showing the ingestion of pinworm. Indirect signs of infection - digestive problems: there is flatulence, diarrhea, bloating. In addition, the parasites release harmful substances, products of metabolism. The immune system is not able to cope with their elimination, so toxins are released through the skin. The result is a rash, itching, or rash.
The characteristic sign of infection with worms - the grinding of the teeth during sleep. People began to torment insomnia and neuroses. If the worm penetrates to the muscles of the patient becomes restless pain characteristic of arthritis.
The appearance of the first suspected helminthiasis in any case can not be ignored. You need to pass the tests, the doctor can prescribe treatment. Delete the bot you can use drugs and traditional medicine.
Completely prevent the risk of infestation of worms it is impossible, because people cannot create a completely sterile environment. But compliance with certain measures to prevent mass infestation.
The main way in which parasites in the body, food. Therefore, it is necessary to pay enough attention to the quality of processing of the latter. This is especially true of meat and fish. They need to fry, boil or bake. Eating better for limited areas. You should never eat raw eggs, and even more to give their children. No need to prevent the access of harmful insects (flies, cockroaches) in residential areas and especially in the kitchen.
Work after contact with animals, walking, visiting public places, the toilet should wash their hands with soap and water.
Swimming is permitted only choose places where it is not prohibited (such as information you provide to health-service). But even in this case, it is not recommended to dive in, swallowing water. Dangerous ponds, for example, which is located near the cemetery or pasture, it is recommended to stay away from.
The main condition is to constantly monitor your health and undergo regular inspection. The instructions of your health care physician every six months, to take preventive medications.
Very carefully, you need to approach the purity of the premises, especially children's rooms. Toys, clothes and various issues is regularly subjected to heat treatment.